Shigeru Egami: Pioneering Shotokan Karate and the Birth of Shōtōkai
Shigeru Egami, born on December 7, 1912, in Ōmuta, Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan, was a distinguished figure in martial arts. A pioneering master of Shotokan karate, Egami's legacy is marked by his dedication to promoting karate as a Japanese martial art and establishing the Shōtōkai style. As a devoted student of Gichin Funakoshi, the renowned founder of modern karate, Egami's journey through the martial arts world left a lasting impact that inspires practitioners today.
Early Life and Entry into Karate
Egami's journey into martial arts began at Waseda University, where he encountered Gichin Funakoshi. Funakoshi's influence and teachings resonated deeply with Egami, leading him to become one of Funakoshi's earliest students. At Waseda University, Egami played a pivotal role in establishing the university's karate club, laying the foundation for his lifelong dedication to the art.
Before his introduction to karate, Egami had already cultivated his skills in various martial disciplines, including judo, kendo (Japanese fencing), and aikido. These early experiences equipped him with a diverse martial arts background that would be a valuable asset in his future endeavours.
Karate Career and Contributions
Teaming up with Gichin Funakoshi, his son Gigō Funakoshi, and Takeshi Shimoda, Egami embarked on a journey across Japan to stage exhibitions promoting karate as a quintessentially Japanese martial art. His dedication to the art was evident when he was elected as a Member of the Evaluation Committee by Gichin Funakoshi, a testament to his skill and contributions to karate.
Egami's teaching career extended to several prestigious universities, including Gakushuin, Toho, and Chūō Universities, where he shared his knowledge and expertise in karate with eager students.
A significant milestone in his career occurred on May 27, 1949, when he played a pivotal role in establishing the Japan Karate Association (JKA) under the leadership of Gichin Funakoshi. This organisation would play a crucial role in shaping the future of karate in Japan and beyond.
However, as Egami entered his 40s, his health began to deteriorate. He faced numerous health challenges, including undergoing two surgeries and experiencing a cardiac arrest episode that lasted nearly 10 minutes. These health setbacks did not deter his commitment to karate.
Philosophical Shift and Legacy
Following the passing of his mentor, Gichin Funakoshi, in 1957, Shigeru Egami embarked on a mission to change karate's perception as a deadly martial art. He believed karate should be more than just a combat sport and sought to emphasise its more profound philosophical and spiritual aspects. He was unwavering in his stance against sports-oriented combat and karate competitions, believing that they compromised the true essence of the art.
In 1973, Egami took his mission overseas, visiting Los Angeles to teach and later touring Taiwan and five European countries with a similar purpose. His teachings transcended the physical aspects of karate, delving into the spiritual and philosophical dimensions of the art.
Egami's influence extended beyond the dojo, as he authored the book "The Way of Karate: Beyond Technique" in 1976. This work served as a guide to the deeper aspects of karate, offering insights into the philosophy and principles that underpin the art. Revised editions of the book were published posthumously as "The Heart of Karate-Do" in 1986 and 2000, ensuring that Egami's wisdom continued to reach new generations of martial artists.
Later Years and Passing
In his later years, Shigeru Egami battled numerous illnesses, including a cerebral embolism that left him unable to eat solid food for three months. Despite these challenges, he maintained his strength and continued to share his knowledge and passion for karate.
Shigeru Egami's remarkable martial arts journey ended in Tokyo on January 8, 1981. His legacy lives on not only through the Shōtōkai style but also in the hearts of martial artists worldwide who continue to draw inspiration from his unwavering commitment to the art of karate and his dedication to its profound philosophies. Shigeru Egami's indomitable spirit and mission to elevate karate beyond mere combat techniques continue to shape how martial artists perceive and practice the art today.